First law guaranteeing the freedom of the press and freedom of expression in France
Under the impetus of the Enlightenment movement that, among others, advocated for the universal right to expression, the French revolution proclaimed the freedom of the press in France.
It was however under the 3rd Republic that the July 29th 1881 Act on freedom of the press provided a legal guarantee to this proclamation.
This founding text, inspired by the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 26th August 1989, defines the freedoms and responsibilities of the French press, imposing a legal framework on all publications, public posters, hawking and sales on public highway.
The text was later complemented by other legal provisions, including the 1986 Act on the freedom of communication that catered for the fast growing audiovisual sector following technological advancements and the relinquishing in 1982 of the State monopoly on programming.