Well-reasoned and joint management of the Nile Waters : France support via a €1 million donation
On the 27th of May, the French Development Agency (AFD) signed an agreement with the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) in Entebbe. Up to € 1 million, cosigned by the ambassador of France to Uganda Mrs. Sophie Makame, this agreement enables France, via AFD, to support NBI in its mandate : the joint management of the Nile waters and the promotion of the development of the 10 member states.
- De gauche à droite : Mr Yves Boudot, directeur de l’agence régionale AFD à Nairobi, SE Sophie Makame, Ambassadeur de France en Ouganda, Mr John Rao Nyaoro, directeur exécutif d’IBN, Dr Callist Tindimugaya, président du comité technique NILE-TAC et par ailleurs, Commissaire en planification et régulation des ressources en eau au Ministère de l’Eau et de l’environnement de l’Ouganda.
For a united management of the Nile waters
The Nile Basin Initiative is a regional intergovernmental partnership seeking to develop a joint management of the Nile waters in a cooperative way, to share the socio-economic benefits and thus to promote regional peace and security. The Nile Equatorial Lakes Subsidiary Action program Coordination Unit (NELSAP- CU) is an NBI program taking the lead in water resource development in the Nile equatorial lakes sub basin (Burundi, DRC, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda).
AFD thus decided to support the NELSAP in four domains :
• Strengthening NELSAP investment finance mobilization and financial autonomy - This component is designed to support NELSAP in the definition of a strategic approach to financial empowerment. A study will be carried out with an objective of preparing guidelines and recommendations for the identification of resources (operational & financial), for the mobilization strategy and for coordination of partners as well as capacity building on the subject.
• Strengthening NELSAP strategic planning and organisational development - This support is intended to provide institutional support to NELSAP to strengthen its capacity in its various functions. In 2010, a "Multilateral agreement" that gave clear legal status to NELSAP was prepared and is currently under discussion among the Member States. The project will provide legal expertise on the necessary changes to this document.
• Strengthening NELSAP knowledge system - This support is intended to support NELSAP in its mandate of knowledge management of the basin. A review of the current state of the NELSAP database as well as the currently available models may be conducted as a first step to clarify the objectives of this component
• Strengthening NELSAP regulation of dam safety - A large number of dams for hydroelectric purpose or for the development of irrigation is undertaken by NELSAP. After construction, structures must be continually monitored and inspected, throughout operationalization and NELSAP required particular support on the subject. Benefits will be conducted by an international expert on the issues of dam safety, supported by a team of national consultants. Additionally it could be envisaged to extend this support to issues of regulation of structures, rules of levies, etc...
In pursuing its supports to the ENTRO program (unifying the countries of the eastern part of the Nile), to the Organisation for the Development of the Senegal River, to the Niger Basin Authority and to the International Commission of Congo-Oubangui-Sanga (CICOS), the AFD attests its will to help the basin agencies to manage in a joint and well-thought way their water resources.
A climate aim for France in 2015
Host-country of the climate global conference, COP21, which will take place in Paris from the 30th of November to the 11th of December 2015, France has strongly incorporated environment into its 2015 agenda. Six months ahead of the Paris conference, Mrs. Sophie Makame declared : “I would like to emphasize our determination, as the French Government, to bring all countries to a consensus on the shared responsibilities and respective contributions on climate change mitigation to reduce the impacts of climate change and avoid irreversible impacts due to non-sustainable management of natural resources. The cost of climate change is already huge, especially for Africa. Floods, droughts, starvation, conflicts will increase if we don’t manage to agree collectively on more sustainable development strategies.”
Mrs. Makame has finally recalled during her speech the major events which took place in Uganda, supported by France, for environment and biodiversity protection. France supports the elaboration of the Ugandan Intended National Determined Contribution (INDC), first exercise for the preparation of the Ugandan contribution to the COP21.
France is also active into the development and biodiversity fields and has recently made a donation, through the French Fund for Global environment (FFEM), of €700 000 to WWF France in order to promote sustainable funding instruments – payments for ecosystem services and ecotourism- for biodiversity conservation, and generate additional income for both the Rwenzori Mountain National Park and the local communities.
Eventually, a joint declaration has been signed on the 30th of May in New York by Uganda, the European Union, Germany and France for Uganda to get a better access to sustainable energies.